AGRICULTURE

IRRIGATED AREA
SOURCE OF IRRIGATION
IRRIGATION TANK PARTICULARS
DETAILS OF AYACUT AREA UNDER DIFFERENT IRRIGATION SOURCE
 NORMAL AREA PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS
CONSUMPTION OF CHEMICAL FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES
 DISTRIBUTION OF OPERATIONAL HOLDING OF LAND
CROPING PATTERN IN RAMANATHAPURAM DISTRICT
 

 Irrigated Area In Ha.

a. Total cropped area 

183651
b. Gross area irrigated  69123
c. Net area irrigated  66865
Source of Irrigation In Nos.
a. Major Canals  Nil
b. Tanks  1694
c. Tube Wells  280
d. Dug Wells  7865

      

Category of works In Nos.
a. Cultivators  179562
b. Agricultural Labourers  124483

 

  IRRIGATION TANK PARTICULARS
S.No Name of the Block Minor irrigation Tanks PWD Tanks Total
Ex-zamin Panchayat Vaigai Basin  Gundar Basin  Manimuthar
1 Ramanathapuram 5 42 34 - - 81
2 Thiruppullani 5 52 22 - - 79
3 Mandapam - - 1 - - 1
4 Paramakudi 77 12 49 - - 138
5 Bogalur 49 5 33 - - 87
6 Nainarkoil 47 7 45 - - 99
7 Thiruvadanai 83 115 62 - 27 287
8 R.S.Mangalam 68 106 77 -   251
9 Kamuthi 45 169 0 38   252
10 Mudukulathur 38 104 12 28   182
11 Kadaladi 20 143 - 74   237
Total 437 755 335 140 27 1694

 

DETAILS OF AYACUT AREA UNDER DIFFERENT IRRIGATION SOURCE
Sl. No. Block Irrigation sources Total
PWD Tanks Panchayat Union Tanks Ex zamin Tanks
1 Ramanathapuram 5180.8 660 102.4 5943.2
2 Thiruppullani 2478.4 784.8 64.8 3328
3 Mandapam 38 - - 38
4 Paramakudi 5819.6 276.4 1312.8 7408.8
5 Bogalur 3000.4 66.8 632 3699.2
6 Nainarkoil 4198 133.6 914.4 5246
7 Thiruvadanai 5114.8 2049.2 968.8 8132.8
8 R.S.Mangalam 10060 1944 1065.2 13069
9 Kamuthi 3676.4 2454.4 468.8 6599.6
10 Mudukulathur 3740.4 1773.2 53240 6046
11 Kadaladi 7025.6 2352 235.6 9613.2
Total 50332 12494 6297 69124

 

NORMAL AREA PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS 
Sl.  No. Crop Normal area in Hectares Productivity per Hec. in Kgs. Production in Metric Tones
1 Paddy 128000 2552 327859
2 Cholam 2117 862 1825
3 Cumbu 889 1123 998
4 Ragi 1448 1331 1927
5 Minor Millets 404 448 181
6 Total millets 4858 941 4571
7 Pulses 3362 491 1651
8 Cotton 2733 2.40(Bales) 6559
9 Groundnut 6112 88.5 5409
10 Sunflower 145 351 51
11 Gingelly 1636 404 661
12 Chillies 16292 808 13164
13 Coriander 1748 254 443
14 Coconut 7942 14000 1112 lakh nuts
15 Sugarcane 231 124 28644

 

CONSUMPTION OF CHEMICAL FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES
District Nitrogen Phosphate Potash Pesticides Liquid
(Tones) (Tones) (Tones) (Tones) (Liters)
Ramanathapuram 6850 1767 2540 286 4836

 

 

Distribution of Operational holding of Land 

Size of holding Percentage (%) Area in Hec.
<1 Hec 76.18% 240339
1-2 Hec 15.06% 47513
2-4 Hec 6.43% 20286
4-10 Hec 2.11% 6656
> 10 Hec 0.22% 695
Total 100% 315489

 

CROPPING PATTERN IN RAMANATHAPURAM DISTRICT

 

          PADDY

In Ramanathapuram District, paddy is main food crop cultivated in more than 63% of the net area sown.  It is cultivated both as irrigated and rainfed.  Rainfed sowing generally commences from August and will extend upto October.  In early sown area, farmers used to raise medium and long duration varieties of paddy.  There is no marked area for late sowing, but when the monsoon rains delayed, the sowing will be also taken up late.  In the late sown areas medium and short duration paddy varieties are sown.  Farmers are having 10 local paddy varieties in addition to high yielding varieties with the duration ranging from 105-130 days and they will choose varieties according to the need based.  Redgram is sown as a mixed crop with rainfed areas and also grown in garden lands to a limited extent. In tankfed ayacut area Irrigated paddy is sown generally in August to November. Sometimes sowing will be further extended upto December according to the filling of rainwater in the tanks and also release of water from Vaigai Dam to the Vaigai fed system tanks. 

 

CHOLAM

Rainfed Cholam sowing is taken up in dry lands between July to September.  Beyond September there would not be any sowing of Cholam crop and Cumbu crop will be sown as alternate crop in these areas.  Lablab pulses is also sown as mixed crop. 

CUMBU

Rainfed Cumbu sowing is generally taken up between September to November.  Only in Ramanathapuram Taluk the sowing will be extended upto December.  Irrigated Cumbu is taken up from February, March to June, July. 

RAGI

Rainfed Ragi sowing is taken up during September and October.   Irrigated Ragi is mainly sown in September to October in East Ramanathapuram where the crop is sown in tankfed ayacut. 

MINOR MILLETS

Minor millets are generally sown between July to November and the area is spreaded over throughout the district. 

COTTON

Rainfed cotton sowing is taken up in September-October.  The sowing will be extended sometimes upto December depending upon rainfall.  Rice fallow cotton is generally sown in Paramakudi and Kamuthi taluks during January-February months.

PLUSES

Redgram is sown in June to August.  Blackgram, Greengram and Cowpea are sown as rainfed crop in September, October months.  Redgram is sown as mixed crop with millets and groundnut.  Blackgram and Greengram are sown as pure crop as well as mixed crop in cotton and sugarcane. The Cowpea is sown as pure crop and also in some places as mixed crop with millets. 

GROUNDNUT AND GINGELY

Groundnut and Gingely are cultivated mostly in Rainfed condition, during the month of December-January and April May.

CHILLIES

Chillies are cultivated in both rainfed and irrigated condition.   Chillies are directly broadcasted in the month of September.  The transplanted chillies will be taken in the fortnight of November.