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Ramanathapuram District Administration

AGRICULTURE

Irrigated Area

Irrigated Area In Ha.
Total cropped area 198818
Gross area irrigated 63591
Net area irrigated 63591

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Source of Irrigation

Source of Irrigation In Nos.
a. Major Canals Nil
Tanks 1694
Tube Wells 334
Dug Wells 7816

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Category of workers

Category of workers In Nos.
Cultivators 173767
Agricultural Labourers 124483

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IRRIGATION TANK PARTICULARS

S.No Name of the Block Minor irrigation Tanks PWD Tanks Total
Ex-zamin Panchayat Vaigai Basin Gundar Basin Manimuthar
1 Ramanathapuram 5 42 34 - - 81
2 Thiruppullani 5 52 22 - - 79
3 Mandapam - - 1 - - 1
4 Paramakudi 77 12 49 - - 138
5 Bogalur 49 5 33 - - 87
6 Nainarkoil 47 7 45 - - 99
7 Thiruvadanai 83 115 62 - 27 287
8 R.S.Mangalam 68 106 77 -   >251
9 Kamuthi 45 169 0 38   252
10 Mudukulathur 38 104 12 28   182
11 Kadaladi 20 143 - 74   237
Total 437 755 335 140 27 1694

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AYACUT AREA UNDER DIFFERENT IRRIGATION SOURCE

Sl. No. Block Irrigation sources Total
PWD Tanks Panchayat Union Tanks Ex zamin Tanks
1 Ramanathapuram 5180.8 660 102.4 5943.2
2 Thiruppullani 2478.4 784.8 64.8 3328
3 Mandapam 38 - - 38
4 Paramakudi 5819.6 276.4 1312.8 7408.8
5 Bogalur 3000.4 66.8 632 3699.2
6 Nainarkoil 4198 133.6 914.4 5246
7 Thiruvadanai 5114.8 2049.2 968.8 8132.8
8 R.S.Mangalam 10060 1944 1065.2 13069
9 Kamuthi 3676.4 2454.4 468.8> 6599.6
10 Mudukulathur 3740.4 1773.2 53240 6046
11 Kadaladi 7025.6 2352 235.6 9613.2
Total 50332 12494 6297 69124

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NORMAL AREA PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS

Sl.No. Crop Normal area in Hectares Productivity per Hec. in Kgs. Production in Metric Tones
1 Paddy 121742 3621 440827
2 Cholam 2629 1975 5192
3 Cumbu 915 3445 3152
4 Ragi 369 3040 1121
5 Minor Millets 1643 1610 2645
6 Total millets 6271 3114 19527
7 Pulses 3517 450 1583
8 Cotton 1915 1.53(Bales) 4980
9 Groundnut 3533 2255 7966
10 Sunflower 90 1400 126
11 Gingelly 1301 361 469
12 Chillies 19238 639 12293
13 Coriander 1488 1618 2407
14 Coconut 8207 9229 757 lakh nuts
15 Sugarcane 456 107 48792
16 Maize 715 5500 3932

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CONSUMPTION OF CHEMICAL FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES

District Urea(Tones) DAP(Tones) Potash(Tones) Complex(Tones) Pesticides-Dust(Tones) Liquid(Liters)
Ramanathapuram 6947 3160 583 3714 30.537 32341.68

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Distribution of Operational holding of Land

Size of holding Percentage (%) Area in Hec.
<1 Hec 82% 323856
1-2 Hec 11% 44610
2-4 Hec 5.60% 19620
4-10 Hec 1.30% 5229
> 10 Hec 0.10% 573
Total 100% 393888

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CROPPING PATTERN IN RAMANATHAPURAM DISTRICT

PADDY
In Ramanathapuram District, paddy is main food crop cultivated in more than 63% of the net area sown. It is cultivated both as irrigated and rainfed. Rainfed sowing generally commences from August and will extend upto October. In early sown area, farmers used to raise medium and long duration varieties of paddy. There is no marked area for late sowing, but when the monsoon rains delayed, the sowing will be also taken up late. In the late sown areas medium and short duration paddy varieties are sown. Farmers are having 10 local paddy varieties in addition to high yielding varieties with the duration ranging from 105-130 days and they will choose varieties according to the need based. Redgram is sown as a mixed crop with rainfed areas and also grown in garden lands to a limited extent. In tankfed ayacut area Irrigated paddy is sown generally in August to November. Sometimes sowing will be further extended upto December according to the filling of rainwater in the tanks and also release of water from Vaigai Dam to the Vaigai fed system tanks.



CHOLAM
Rainfed Cholam sowing is taken up in dry lands between July to September. Beyond September there would not be any sowing of Cholam crop and Cumbu crop will be sown as alternate crop in these areas. Lablab pulses is also sown as mixed crop.



CUMBU
Rainfed Cumbu sowing is generally taken up between September to November. Only in Ramanathapuram Taluk the sowing will be extended upto December. Irrigated Cumbu is taken up from February, March to June, July.



RAGI
Rainfed Ragi sowing is taken up during September and October. Irrigated Ragi is mainly sown in September to October in East Ramanathapuram where the crop is sown in tankfed ayacut.



MINOR MILLETS
Minor millets are generally sown between July to November and the area is spreaded over throughout the district.



COTTON
Rainfed cotton sowing is taken up in September-October. The sowing will be extended sometimes upto December depending upon rainfall. Rice fallow cotton is generally sown in Paramakudi and Kamuthi taluks during January-February months.



PULSES
Redgram is sown in June to August. Blackgram, Greengram and Cowpea are sown as rainfed crop in September, October months. Redgram is sown as mixed crop with millets and groundnut. Blackgram and Greengram are sown as pure crop as well as mixed crop in cotton and sugarcane. The Cowpea is sown as pure crop and also in some places as mixed crop with millets.



GROUNDNUT AND GINGELY
Groundnut and Gingely are cultivated mostly in Rainfed condition, during the month of December-January and April – May.



CHILLIES
Chillies are cultivated in both rainfed and irrigated condition. Chillies are directly broadcasted in the month of September. The transplanted chillies will be taken in the fortnight of November.


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Page Last Updated on 02nd July 2017