The Central Marine fisheries Research Institute was established at Mandapam in 1947. Researches are conducted on various disciplines of fisheries such as Seaweeds culture, Chanks, Pearl culture, Sea Cucumber and new technologies are transferred to fishermen. Kurusadai Marine Biological Research Station at Mandapam, under the control of State Fisheries Department conducts useful research on fauna and flora of the island.
coast is well known for pearl fishing. The
Pandyan kings who ruled over this District exploited the pearl fisheries of the East
Coast. The cholas who succeeded Pandyas not
only patronized pearl fishing but also developed it with great care in the Palk and
The Regional center of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Mandapam
which was established in 11947 has developed proven technology for the culture of Pearls,
edible oyster calm mussel and seaweed. Commercial
Pearl Farming has come up near
Ramanathapuram District has distinct chank fishery. Jadhi
Chanks are in abundant in the
About 160 Prawn farms are operating in the district which follows intensive type of prawn culture. Prawns harvested from these farms are exported to Japan, USA and European countries, which earns sizable foreign exchange for the country.
In Ramanathapuram district 7 fish processing factories, functioning in Tondi and Mandapam. Prawn, squids, cuttle fish, Crabs and fish are processed by fishing and exported to foreign countries. Many small entrepreneurs are involved in fish drying and dried fish is used in poultry and cattle feed manufacturing.