FISHERIES

COASTAL LENGTH

Coastal Length Palk Bay Gulf of Mannar   Total
Coromandel Coast 130 141 271

 

FISHERIES -GENERAL DETAILS

FISHERIES -DETAILS Nos.
MECHANISED BOATS 2861
COUNTRY BOATS 8403
JETTIES 4
FISHERMEN POPULATIONS 124387
MARINE FISHING VILLAGES 78
LANDING CENTERS 17

 

FISHING CRAFTS

Fishing crafts Mechanised Vallam Latemarines
Mandapam 605 372 -
Rameswaram 1434 1747 -
Ramnad 764 5763 -
Total 2803 7882 -

 

FISHING GEARS

FISHING GEARS
Total Trawig net Gill net Longline Traps Shoresrine Others
72885 3539 59232 1399 2412 583 572

 

GEARWISE FISH PRODUCTION

Tones
Trawl net 49381
Surrounding net 1273
Gill net 32375
Seine net 536
Tangie net -
Lift net -
Line fishing 3529
Bag net -
Falling gears -
Others 414
Total 87508

 

RESEARCH STATIONS

 The Central Marine fisheries Research Institute was established at Mandapam in 1947.  Researches are conducted on various disciplines of fisheries such as Seaweeds culture, Chanks, Pearl culture, Sea Cucumber and new technologies are transferred to fishermen.   Kurusadai Marine Biological Research Station at Mandapam, under the control of State Fisheries Department conducts useful research on fauna and flora of the island.

 

PEARL FISHERY

Ramanathapuram coast is well known for pearl fishing.  The Pandyan kings who ruled over this District exploited the pearl fisheries of the East Coast.  The cholas who succeeded Pandyas not only patronized pearl fishing but also developed it with great care in the Palk and Gulf of Mannar.  Marco Polo (1260-1300) who traveled in State India during this period says in his account that the pearl fishing was monopolised by Pandyas.  The large quantity of pearls collected from the pearl beds were exported to Mediterranean countries

The Regional center of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Mandapam which was established in 11947 has developed proven technology for the culture of Pearls, edible oyster calm mussel and seaweed.  Commercial Pearl Farming has come up near Kurusadai Island and the Tamil Nadu Fisheries Development Corporation Limited maintains it.

 

CHANK FISHERY

Ramanathapuram District has distinct chank fishery.  Jadhi Chanks are in abundant in the Palk Bay strait and Gulf of Mannar.  More than 2000 fishermen are engaged in active chank diving and sacred chank collected by divers are marketed to West Bengal for making ornaments.  This contributes significantly to the development of fisheries.

 

 PRAWN FARMING

About 160 Prawn farms are operating in the district which follows intensive type of prawn culture.  Prawns harvested from these farms are exported to Japan, USA and European countries, which earns sizable foreign exchange for the country.

 

FISHERIES INDUSTRIES

In Ramanathapuram district 7 fish processing factories, functioning in Tondi and Mandapam.  Prawn, squids, cuttle fish, Crabs and fish are processed by fishing and exported to foreign countries.   Many small entrepreneurs are involved in fish drying and dried fish is used in poultry and cattle feed manufacturing.